نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

گروه شیلات دانشکده منابع طبیعی دریا دانشگاه علوم وفنون دریایی خرمشهر

چکیده

در این مطالعه تاثیر روش های پخت و پیش پخت بر فاکتورهای کیفی و حسی میگوی پا سفید غربی پرورشی (Litopenaeus vannamei) با پوست و بدون پوست طی ۱۶ روز نگهداری در دمای ۱۸- درجه ی سانتی گراد با اندازه گیری میزان اسیدهای چرب آزاد، شاخص های pH، تیوباربیتوریک اسید(TBARS)، بازهای ازته ی فرار(TVB-N) و فاکتورهای حسی مانند بافت، بو، طعم و پذیرش کلی مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفتند. پخت و پیش پخت میگوی پا سفید غربی به روش آب پز انجام شد، به این صورت که میگوها در دمای ۸۰ درجه ی سانتی گراد به مدت ۵ دقیقه به منظور پخت و ۳ دقیقه به منظور پیش پخت حرارت داده شدند. بررسی فاکتورهای فیزیکی و شیمیایی نشان داد که به ترتیب کمترین و بیشترین مقدار برای شاخص تیوباربیتوریک اسید تیمار خام با پوست و پخت بدون پوست، برای شاخص pH تیمار خام بدون پوست و پخت بدون پوست، برای شاخصTVB-N تیمار خام با پوست و پخت بدون پوست و برای شاخص FFA تیمار پخت بدون پوست و خام بدون پوست بود. بررسی شاخص های حسی نشان داد که حرارت دهی باعث حفظ شاخص های کیفی در طول دوره ی نگهداری می شود.
کلمات کلیدی: پیش پخت، پخت کامل، Litopenaeus vannamei، شاخص های کیفی

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

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